## RD Sharma Solutions for Class 6 Chapter 14 Circles Free Online

Exercise 14.1 page: 14.4

**1. Explain the following:**

**(i) Circle**

**(ii) Radius**

**(iii) Centre**

**(iv) Diameter**

**(v) Chord**

**(vi) Interior of a circle.**

**Solution:**

(i) Circle – A circle is a set of all those points in a plane whose distance from a fixed point remains constant.

(ii) Radius – The radius of a circle is the distance between the all the points of the circle to its centre.

(iii) Centre – The centre of a circle is a fixed point which is at a constant distance from all the points.

(iv) Diameter – A line segment passing through the centre of a circle, and having its end-points on the circle is called a diameter of the circle.

(v) Chord – A line segment with its end-points lying on a circle is called the chord of the circle.

(vi) Interior of a circle – The part of a plane inside the circle consisting of all the points is called the interior of a circle.

**2. Take a point on your notebook and draw circle of radii 4 cm, 3 cm and 6.5 cm, each having the same centre O.**

**Solution:**

The figure given below shows circles of 4 cm, 3 cm and 6.5 cm radii having the same centre.

**3. Draw a circle with centre O and any radius. Draw AC and BD two perpendicular diameters of the circle. Join AB, BC, CD and DA.**

**Solution:**

The figure given below shows a circle with centre O and two perpendicular diameter AC and BC.

**4. Draw a circle with centre O and radius 6 cm. Mark points P, Q, R such that**

**(i) P lies on the circle,**

**(ii) Q lies in the interior of the circle, and**

**(iii) R lies in the exterior of the circle.**

**Rewrite each of the following statements using the correct symbol (=, < or >):**

**(i) OQ …… 5 cm (ii) OP ……. 5 cm (iii) OR …… 5 cm.**

**Solution:**

The figure given below shows the points P, Q and R such that

(i) P lies on the circle,

(ii) Q lies in the interior of the circle, and

(iii) R lies in the exterior of the circle.

The statements can be written as

(i) OQ < 5 cm

(ii) OP = 5 cm

(iii) OR > 5 cm

**5. Take two points A and B on the page of your note book. Draw a circle with centre A which passes through B.**

**Solution:**

The figure given below shows the circle with A as centre and a line which passes through B.

**6. Draw a semi-circle with centre O and radius 5 cm. Is the diameter that determines the semi-circle, a part of the semi-circle?**

**Solution:**

The figure given below shows a semi-circle with centre O and radius 5 cm.

We know that a semi-circle is the end point of a diameter which divides the circle into two equal parts.

No, the diameter does not determine the semi-circle and it is the end points of the diameter which finds the semi-circle or a part of the semi-circle.

**7. The diameter of a circle is 14 cm, find its radius.**

**Solution:**

It is given that

Diameter of a circle = 14 cm

We know that

Radius of a circle = Diameter / 2

By substituting the values

Radius of a circle = 14/2 = 7 cm.

**8. Given a circle with centre O and radius 2.5 cm, what is the length of the longest chord of the circle.**

**Solution:**

We know that the diameter of a circle is its longest chord which is twice its radius.

So the length of the longest chord of the circle = 2 (2.5) = 5 cm.

**9. Fill in the blanks:**

**(i) The diameter of a circle is ……. times its radius.**

**(ii) The diameter of a circle is the ……. chord of the circle.**

**(iii) The diameter of a circle pass through ……**

**(iv) A chord of a circle is a line segment with its end points on the ……**

**(v) If we join any two points on a circle by a line segment, we obtain …… of the circle.**

**(vi) A radius of a circle is a line segment with one end at ……. and the other end at …..**

**(vii) All radii of a circle are ……**

**(viii) The diameters of a circle are ……**

**(ix) The total number of diameters of a circle is …..**

**(x) Every point on a circle is ……. from its centre.**

**(xi) A chord of a circle contains exactly …… points of the circle.**

**(xii) A diameter is the longest …….**

**(xiii) Concentric circles are circles having ……**

**Solution:**

(i) The diameter of a circle is two times its radius.

(ii) The diameter of a circle is the longest chord of the circle.

(iii) The diameter of a circle pass through its centre.

(iv) A chord of a circle is a line segment with its end points on the circle.

(v) If we join any two points on a circle by a line segment, we obtain chord of the circle.

(vi) A radius of a circle is a line segment with one end at centre and the other end at circle.

(vii) All radii of a circle are equal.

(viii) The diameters of a circle are concurrent.

(ix) The total number of diameters of a circle is infinite.

(x) Every point on a circle is equidistant from its centre.

(xi) A chord of a circle contains exactly two points of the circle.

(xii) A diameter is the longest chord.

(xiii) Concentric circles are circles having same centre.

**10. In each of the following, state if the statement is true (T) or false (F):**

**(i) Every circle has a centre.**

**(ii) The centre of a circle is a point of the circle.**

**(iii) Any two radii of a circle make up a diameter.**

**(iv) Every chord of a circle is parallel to some diameter of the circle.**

**(v) A circle is symmetric about each of its diameters.**

**(vi) The diameter is twice the radius.**

**(vii) A radius is a chord of the circle.**

**(viii) Concentric circles have the same radii.**

**(ix) The nearer a chord to the centre of a circle, the longer is its length.**

**Solution:**

(i) True.

(ii) False.

(iii) False.

(iv) False.

(v) True.

(vi) True.

(vii) False.

(viii) False.

(ix) True.

Objective Type Questions page: 14.5

**Mark the correct alternative in each of the following:**

**1. A circle of radius r cm has diameter of length**

(a) r cm

(b) 2r cm

(c) 4r cm

(d) r/2 cm

(a) r cm

(b) 2r cm

(c) 4r cm

(d) r/2 cm

**Solution:**

The option (b) is the correct answer.

A circle of radius r cm has diameter of length 2r cm.

**2. A chord of a circle passing through its centre is equal to its**

(a) radius

(b) diameter

(c) circumference

(d) none of these

(a) radius

(b) diameter

(c) circumference

(d) none of these

**Solution:**

The option (b) is the correct answer.

A chord of a circle passing through its centre is equal to its diameter.

**3. The total number of diameters of a circle is**

(a) 1

(b) 2

(c) 4

(d) uncountable number

(a) 1

(b) 2

(c) 4

(d) uncountable number

**Solution:**

The option (d) is the correct answer.

The total number of diameters of a circle is uncountable number.

**4. By joining any two points on a circle, we obtain its**

(a) radius

(b) diameter

(c) chord

(d) circumference

(a) radius

(b) diameter

(c) chord

(d) circumference

**Solution:**

The option (c) is the correct answer.

By joining any two points on a circle, we obtain its chord.

**5. The longest chord of a circle is equal to its**

(a) radius

(b) diameter

(c) circumference

(d) perimeter

(a) radius

(b) diameter

(c) circumference

(d) perimeter

**Solution:**

The option (b) is the correct answer.

The longest chord of a circle is equal to its diameter.

**6. How many circles can be drawn to pass through two given points?**

(a) 1

(b) 2

(c) 0

(d) As many as possible

(a) 1

(b) 2

(c) 0

(d) As many as possible

**Solution:**

The option (d) is the correct answer.

Many circles can be drawn to pass through two given points.

**7. How many circles can be drawn to pass through three non-collinear points?**

(a) 1

(b) 2

(c) 0

(d) As many as possible

(a) 1

(b) 2

(c) 0

(d) As many as possible

**Solution:**

The option (a) is the correct answer.

The number of circles which can be drawn that pass through three non-collinear points is 1.