## NCERT Solutions for Class 12 Maths Chapter 4 – Determinants Ex 4.1

#### Question 1:

Evaluate the determinants in Exercises 1 and 2.

= 2(−1) − 4(−5) = − 2 + 20 = 18

#### Question 2:

Evaluate the determinants in Exercises 1 and 2.
(i)  (ii)

(i)  = (cos θ)(cos θ) − (−sin θ)(sin θ) = cos2 θ+ sin2 θ = 1
(ii)
= (x2 − x + 1)(x + 1) − (x − 1)(x + 1)
x3 − x2 + x + x2 − x + 1 − (x2 − 1)
x3 + 1 − x2 + 1
x3 − x2 + 2

#### Question 3:

If, then show that

The given matrix is.

#### Question 4:

If, then show that

The given matrix is.
It can be observed that in the first column, two entries are zero. Thus, we expand along the first column (C1) for easier calculation.
From equations (i) and (ii), we have:
Hence, the given result is proved.

#### Question 5:

Evaluate the determinants
(i)  (iii)
(ii)  (iv)

(i) Let.
It can be observed that in the second row, two entries are zero. Thus, we expand along the second row for easier calculation.
(ii) Let.
By expanding along the first row, we have:
(iii) Let
By expanding along the first row, we have:
(iv) Let
By expanding along the first column, we have:

#### Question 6:

If, find.

Let
By expanding along the first row, we have:

#### Question 7:

Find values of x, if
(i)
2451=2x46x(ii)
2345=x32x5

(i)
(ii)

#### Question 8:

If, then x is equal to
(A) 6 (B) ±6 (C) −6 (D) 0