CBSE Class 10 Social Science History The Rise of Nationalism in Europe

CBSE Class 10 Social Science History The Rise of Nationalism in Europe


Q1: In 18th century, political clubs became an important rallying point for people who wished to discuss government policies and plan their own form of action. Of them which club was most successful?
(a) The Jacobins
(c) The Bolsheviks
(b) The Marseillaise
(d) None of these

Q2: When dis industrialization begin in England?

(a) In the first half of the 18th century.
(b) In the second half of the 18th century.
(c) In the first half of the 19th century.
(d) In the second half of the 17th century.

Q3: ____ is a political philosophy that stressed the importance of tradition, established institutions and customs and preferred gradual development to quick change.

(a) Liberalism
(b) Conservatism
(c) Radicalism
(d) None of the above

Q4: Which one of the following types of government was functioning in France before the revolution of 1789?

(a) Dictatorship
(b) Militar
(c) Monarchy
(d) Council of French Citizen

Q5: What does a blind-folded woman carrying a pair of weighing scales, symbolise?

(a) Equality
(b) Liberty
(c) Harmony
(d) Justice

Q6: Which of the following did not contribute to growth of nationalism in Europe?

(a) Folk dances, poem and writings.
(b) Romanticism
(c) Importance of native language
(d) Economic liberalism

Q7: Who said, ‘When France sneezes, the rest of the Europe catches cold’ ?

(a) Garibaldi
(b) Metternich
(c) Mazzini
(d) Bismarck

Q8: Mazzini, Garibaldi and Cavour, all made their contribution in their own way in the unification of ____.

(a) Germany
(b) Russia
(c) Italy
(d) Britain

Q9: What did the ‘German Sword’ stand for?

(a) Heroism
(b) Readiness to fight
(c) Beginning of a new era
(d) Symbol of German empire-strength

Q10: 'Crown of oak leaves' symbolises?

(a) Heroism
(b) Being freed
(c) Willingness to make peace
(d) Beginning of a new era

1: (a) The Jacobins
2: (b) In the second half of the 18th century.
3: (b) Conservatism
4: (c) Monarchy
5: (d) Justice
6: (d) Economic liberalism
7: (b) Metternich
8: (c) Italy
9: (b) Readiness to fight
10:(a) Heroism


Q1: Define Nationalism.
Answer: A sense of belonging to one nation. Its a feeling of pride and patriotism towards country one belongs to.

Q2: What is Plebiscite?

Answer: A direct vote by which the people of a region, themselves decide to accept or reject a proposal.

Q3: Who is an absolutist?

Answer: It refers to an unrestricted, despotic and authoritarian often referred to central repressive monarchy government.

Q4: Define Monarchy

Answer: It is a form of government headed by a king or family members or a dynasty family.

Q5: What is suffrage?

Answer: It means right to vote.

Q6: What is Civil Code?

Answer: It refers to a systematic set of laws for the citizens.

Q7: Define Liberalism.

Answer: Liberalism is derived from Latin word which means "free". It stands for freedom of individual and equality of all before law. It stands for representative government.

Q8: Who were Jacobins?

Answer: It was a French political group who contested elections after French revolution. It was the most influential among other political groups.

Q9: What is Das Volk?

Answer: It is a German word which means common people.

Q10: What is Allegory?

Answer: It is a symbol representing an abstract idea, generally identified by an imagery, person or thing. eg Broken Chains means 'Being Freed'.

Q11: Define Romanticism.

Answer: A Cultural Movement which aimed at developing a particular form of national sentiment and promote a feeling of collective heritage as like basis of nation.

Q12: What was the definition of Nationalism according to Ernst Renan?

Answer:  According to Ernst Renan, A nations is a culmination of a long past of endeavours, sacrifices and devotion.

Courtesy : CBSE