CBSE Class 10 Social Civics Political Parties

CBSE Class 10 Social Civics Political Parties


Q1(NCERT): What is the guiding philosophy of the Bhartiya Janata Party?

(a) Dalit welfare
(b) Revolutionary democracy
(c) Integral humanism
(d) Modernity

Q2(CBSE 2011): Which one of the following is a better way of carrying out political reforms in a democratic country?

(a) The legal changes
(b) The constitutional changes
(c) The empowerment of people
(d) The legislation for reforms

Q3(NCERT): Who among the following is the founder of the Bahujan Samaj Party?

(a) Kanshi Ram
(b) Sahu Maharaj
(c) B.R. Ambedker
(d) Jotiba Phule

Q4: The rise of political parties can be linked directly to the emergence of

(a) Representative Democracy
(b) Constitutional Monarchy
(c) Direct Democracies
(d) Polyarchy

Q5(CBSE 2011): The USA and UK are examples of :

(a) One-party system
(b) Two-party system
(c) Three-party system
(d) Multi-party system

Q6(NCERT): Consider the following statements on parties.
  1. Political parties do not enjoy much trust among the people.
  2. Parties are often rocked by scandals involving top party leaders.
  3. Parties are not necessary to run governments.
 Which of the statements given above are correct?
    (a) A, B, and C
    (b) A and B
    (c) B and C
    (d) A and C

    Q7(CBSE 2011): Partisan means: 

    (a) Party which runs the government
    (b) Affair of the state or the science of government
    (c) A person who is strongly committed to a party
    (d) A group of people who come together to promote common beliefs

    Q8(KVPY): The concept of Hindutwa was adopted by
    (a) Bharathiya Janata Party
    (b) Communist Party of India
    (c) Indian National Congress
    (d) Bahujan Samaj Party

    Q9(CBSE 2011): Which one of the following is not a national political party?

    (a) Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP).
    (b) Communist Party of India (CPI).
    (c) Bahujan Samaj Party (BSP).
    (d) Samajwadi Party (SP). 

    Q10: The Bahujan Samaj Party stands for the cause of :

    (a) securing the interest of the oppressed people.
    (b) securing the interest of the elite class.
    (c) securing the interest of the capitalist class.
    (d) securing the interest of the educated classes

    Q11(SQP): Which one of the following political parties grew out of a movement?
    (a) Communist Party of India.
    (b) Asom Gana Parishad.
    (c) All India Congress
    (d) Bahujan Samaj Party

    Q12(CBSE): A country which has a democratic form of government since its independence:

    (a) Pakistan
    (b) India
    (c) Bhutan
    (d) Nepal

    Q13(SQP): Which one of the following is NOT a function of political parties?
    (a) Parties contest elections
    (b) Parties do not shape public opinion
    (c) Parties put forward different policies and programmes
    (d) Parties play a decisive role in making laws for the country.

    Q14(CBSE): The condition for a political party to be recognized as a national party is:

    (a) It must secure at least 6 percent of total votes in Lok Sabha elections or Assembly elections in four states.
    (b) It must win at least 4 seats in the Lok Sabha
    (c) Both of these
    (d) None of these

    1: (c) Integral humanism 
    2: (c) The empowerment of people
    3: (a) Kanshi Ram
    4: (a) Representative Democracy
    5: (b) Two-party system
    6: (b) A and B
    7: (c) A person who is strongly committed to a party
    8: (a) Bharathiya Janata Party
    9: (d) Samajwadi Party (SP). 
    10: (a) securing the interest of the oppressed people.
    11: (b) Asom Gana Parishad.
    12: (b) India
    13: (b) Parties do not shape public opinion
    14: (c) Both of these

    Q & As

    Q1: What is a political party?

    Answer: A political party is a group of people who come together and participate in political campaigns, contest elections, form and run governments by holding power in the government.

    Q2: What are the components of a political party?

    Answer: A political party has following three components:

    1. the leader
    2. active members 

    Q3: State the various functions political parties perform in a democracy?

    Answer: Main functions performed by a political party are:

    1. It agrees collectively on various social policies and promote its programmes.
    2. It seeks to implement these policies by winning public support through political campaigns.
    3. It participates and contest elections.
    4. It plays a decisive role in law making.
    5. It plays a role of opposition and exercise check on the government (or ruling party).

    Q4: Why don't parties give enough tickets to women? Is that due to lack of internal democracy?

    Answer: Following are the main reasons parties don't give enough tickets to women:

    • It reflects the patriarchal mentality of the Indian society. Most of the political parties think women  should do household chores and they can't contest elections.
    • Due to patriarchal Indian society, many political parties fear that they will lose elections if women are given tickets to contest.
    • A many male members of the political parties believe if tickets are given to women, steadily the power will go in hands of these women.
    Yes the above said points truly say it is due to the lack of internal democracy.

    Q5: What are the various challenges faced by political parties?

    Answer: Challenges faced by political parties are:
    1. Lack of Internal democracy: The decision making authority is concentrated to few top leaders of the political party. The parties do not conduct elections for top level positions. The parties lack internal democracy due to which many prospective leaders are deprived of their rights. 
    2. Dynasty Succession: In many parties, the top position or leadership are managed by members of a family. To contest general elections, tickets are given to the relatives and family members. There have been dynastic successions in the political parties. This keeps the parties deprived of apt leadership.
    3. Muscle power and Criminalization: The parties sometimes, indulge in the use of money and muscle power to win elections at any cost. Tickets are given to history sheeters. No doubt it is against the spirit of democracy.
    4. Lack of Ideological Differences and Political Values: There are not much ideological differences among the various parties. So, there is a lack of meaningful choices before the voters. Many a times the political leaders keep on shifting from one party to another.
    5. Lack of Political Socialization: There is lack of learning process among the political parties due to which polarization of social and political issues occur. For example many regional parties confine to local issues for their vested interests. It hampers the smooth functioning of political system. 

    Courtesy : CBSE